The Indus Water Treaty Is an Agreement between Which Two Countries

The Indus Water Treaty: A Historic Agreement Between India and Pakistan

The Indus Water Treaty, signed in 1960, is a historic agreement between India and Pakistan for the sharing of the Indus river system`s waters. The treaty was signed with the help of the World Bank and its aim was to resolve the water conflict between the two countries which had been brewing for years.

The treaty is considered to be one of the most successful international water-sharing agreements in the world. It has been in effect for over 60 years now and has helped ensure that the water resources of the Indus river system are used in an equitable manner.

The Indus river system is one of the largest in the world, with a total length of over 3,000 kilometers. The river system originates in Tibet and flows through India and Pakistan before emptying into the Arabian Sea.

Under the Indus Water Treaty, the waters of the Indus river system are divided into two categories – the eastern rivers and the western rivers. The eastern rivers include the Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi, while the western rivers include the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab.

India is allowed to use the waters of the eastern rivers for non-consumptive uses such as navigation, hydroelectric power generation, and irrigation. Pakistan, on the other hand, is allowed to use the waters of the western rivers for similar purposes.

The treaty also established a Permanent Indus Commission, which is responsible for the implementation of the treaty. The commission is made up of representatives from both India and Pakistan and meets regularly to discuss any issues related to the treaty.

In conclusion, the Indus Water Treaty is a historic agreement between India and Pakistan that has helped ensure the equitable sharing of the waters of the Indus river system. The treaty has helped prevent any major water-related conflicts between the two countries, and its success can be attributed to the spirit of cooperation and mutual trust between India and Pakistan.